Research vision at CNRS: CNRS is the largest French research organization covering all major fields of science and encourages collaboration across disciplines in particular with Universities thus opening up new fields of enquiry to meet social and economic needs. CNRS has developed interdisciplinary programs, which bring together its institutes as well as other research institutions and industry. CNRS laboratories (1100 research units, among which 90 % are joint research laboratories with universities or industry) are located throughout France and employ a large body of researchers, engineers, and support staff. CNRS local network is composed of 19 regional offices, ensuring decentralized direct management of laboratories. 'Paris B' Regional Delegation, located in the centre of Paris, will handle all administrative issues with regard to this project. The researchers involved in the present project are members of 4 joint research units based at Université Pierre et Marie Curie (PHENIX), Ecole Normale Supérieure (LPS and PASTEUR) and Université Paris Sud (LPTMS), the first three French universities in the Shanghai ranking. PHENIX: The PHENIX Laboratory (Physical Chemistry of Electrolytes, Interfacial Nanosystems) is a mixed research unit between Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) and CNRS composed of ~45 permanent research/teaching staff. The activities of the Multiscale Experiments and Modelling group covers both experimental and theoretical work on the physical chemistry of systems of technological and environmental interest, including colloidal systems and porous media. LPS: The Laboratoire de Physique Statistique belongs to the Physics Departement of the Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS). It is a mixed research unit between the ENS and the CNRS composed of ~ 60 permanent staff. The physics departement is devoted to investigations in various field such condensed matter physics, statistical mechanics and quantum physics. One of the key word at the LPS is the interscidiplinarity of the subjects, studied with extreme proficiency thanks to the exceptional scientific environment offered by the ENS site. Fruitful collaborations are routinely worked with the other laboratories of the ENS and notably the Laboratoire Pierre Agrain (LPA) and the Laboratoire Kastler Brossel (LKB). PASTEUR: Participants belong to the Pole de Physico-Chimie Théorique (PPCT) of the Laboratoire Pasteur, a mixed research unit in Chemistry between ENS, CNRS and UPMC composed of ~70 permanent research/teaching staff. The entire activity of the PPCT team (7 permanents) aims at simulating and explaining chemical processes occurring on various time and length scales, thermally activated processes, and from the molecular scale to the mesoscopic scale. The research themes cover the dynamics of hydration, the reactivity under confinement in porous media or at interfaces.
LPTMS: The LPTMS (Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Modèles Statistiques) is a joint Paris-Sud University and CNRS unit. Located on Orsay campus, it is a young theoretical physics laboratory with a permanent staff of 25, markedly oriented towards statistical physics. The research pertains to condensed matter in the broad sense, with a strong pluri-disciplinary orientation in the directions of computer science, information theory, chemistry and biology